Golang in Machine Learning
Golang, also known as Go, is a programming language created by Google in 2007. In syntax, Golang is comparable to C, but unlike C, it includes enhanced features such as garbage collection, memory safety, and structural typing.
Golang, like Java and C++, allows users to enjoy easy concurrencies in addition to super-fast speed. Concurrency implies that users can execute various algorithms or programs (including Golang in machine learning) concurrently without affecting the output.
With this in mind, we will conduct a more in-depth examination of Golang, as well as weigh the benefits and drawbacks of utilizing Golang to create a basic ML pipeline. Python will be used as a reference. In addition, we will provide our personal perspective on Golang in general, as well as a conclusion on whether or not Go will be able to compete in the AI/ML community for some time.
What We Think About Golang
Every programming language has advantages and disadvantages, and Golang is no exception. Golang's strength is its speed, simplicity, and quick code execution. At the same time, Golang will necessitate more work to develop than other Machine languages such as Python.
Without a question, the Go machine language has potential, but it took much too long to develop and is still not a dominating language among others. However, this might change in the future. One of the reasons Google invented Golang in the first place was to overcome the current scalability challenge; before then, hardware type constrained resources. Go, on the other hand, will always be useful on any day, at any time, and on practically any device.
Most entrepreneurs make the error of failing to build on a solid basis. When their user base grows, they struggle to keep up on the backend owing to increased activity volume. Because it enables minimal memory footprints and concurrent functions, Golang may be able to address this problem. It relieves backend developers of the burden of dealing with large queries.
Dropbox is a fantastic example; it employs Golang to support its over 500 million customers on its network without issue. Golang is also a fantastic choice for constructing e-commerce websites since it can handle millions of visitors every month. Resource-intensive applications such as Terraform, Docker, and Kubernetes also use Golang. It is also useful for data science applications.
Despite the advantages listed above, Go is not recommended for firms that are still attempting to verify their concept. It is not a good idea to create a demo for investors in a hurry. Because the time you'll spend adapting to the code may be better spent elsewhere in your firm. However, when your business grows, you can always move to Go.
Things We Liked About Go
Despite a sluggish start, the Go software has seen massive acceptance in recent years. Many programmers now use Go to create backend systems. There are several reasons why individuals find this ML appealing, including:
Go is Fast
Golang was built with speed in mind, to improve the speed of current languages at the time. It will inevitably surpass virtual run times or be interpreted because it is compiled machine code. Go applications capture data quickly and with a minimal binary. On average, API takes only a few seconds to compile and generate an active file that is a little larger than 10 MB; this is a useful feature.
Easy to Learn
The grammar of this machine language is short in comparison to other languages, making it simple to learn. You can memorize the whole language. This will speed up your work because you won't have to spend time double-checking items. It is really simple to read and clean. A programmer who has never used Go and is used to C-style syntax will be able to understand what is going on.
Go features a variety of interfaces, giving programmers more alternatives. It also allows users to decouple dependencies in their programs. They can start with mock dependencies and then progress to the real thing. Users may utilize the interface to write more modular, testable programming. This language also features a first-class function, which allows users to create code in more than one functional style.
The language includes a library for programmers and data scientists to use. This resource includes important built-in routines that will undoubtedly come in handy when the programmer deals with various primitive kinds. Other resources assist users in setting up a web server, utilizing cryptography, handling I/O, and manipulating raw data.
The testing support in Go is organized as a standard library. Users will not require any additional dependencies. For example, if you name your file thing.go. Go ahead and write your test in a new file called thing test.go, then execute it. Go will complete the exam quickly.
Static Analysis Tools
It contains various outstanding and strong analytical tools. The gofmt is a highly handy tool that helps users format their code according to Go's standard style. This will make the task simpler by normalizing the process and allowing the programmer/team to concentrate on the code. All builds additionally include golint and vet, and if there is a warning, the build fails.
Golang's creators purposefully designed it simpler than other languages such as C and C++. Objects that are dynamically related are trash collected. You can utilize pointers in Go, which is safer and does not allow for pointer arithmetic. It also enables users to employ value types.
Easier Concurrency Model
Concurrent programming is not straightforward in general, but it is much easier than other machine languages with God. It is simple to create a lightweight thread (Goroutine) and communicate with it through "channel," and it also allows for more complicated patterns.
Things We Don't Like
As previously said, Go is a fantastic machine learning language; it has an easy-to-understand clear syntax, rapid execution, and a plethora of additional advantages. It is not, however, flawless language. There are various disadvantages, such as:
Absence of Generics
This is Go's biggest shortcoming; the language lacks generics; this is an obvious drawback for programmers coming from Java. The lack of generics implies a lower amount of reuse in the user's code. While Go runs effectively if you wish to develop methods like "reduce," "map," or "filter" that work on a single form of collection, users will not be able to reuse such functions on several types of collections. There is, however, a method, but it is a lengthy procedure that might impede work.
Interfaces Are Implicit
It is advantageous to have an interface. Structs, on the other hand, implement interfaces implicitly rather than explicitly. This may be one of the advantages of Go, but it is difficult to know if a struct implements an interface merely by glancing at it. You'll have to try to implement the software before you can find out. This may work for a small application, but larger projects will be more difficult.
Fractured Dependency Management
Initially, Go lacked solid, official package management. The Go team ultimately produced a godep after years of prodding from its members. Prior to the release, consumers employed a variety of methods to bridge the gap. As a result, the community has grown splintered and complex for data scientists, programmers, and Go newcomers. Furthermore, practically all package management is supported via Git repositories; however, this is subject to change at any time. In comparison to Maven Central, which is a more permanent option, Maven Central will not destroy or change a library on which your project depends.
How to Set Up
The first step is to install the packages listed below in your terminal.
Install the GoNum and DataFrame packages, as well as any additional requirements. GoNum and DataFrame are functions that are quite similar to Python's NumPy and are typically used to manipulate DataFrame objects.
2. Download and install the GoLearn Package.
This will undoubtedly come in helpful; it is a machine learning library built that you should have at your disposal, similar to Python's sklearn. GoLearn allows users to quickly edit the matrix; it also aids in model fitting, the development of ML algorithms, and data splitting for assessment procedures.
Now that the difficult portion is over, let us move on to the more enjoyable bits!
We will be utilizing the IRIS dataset, which defines the many forms of iris blossoms. You may obtain the IRIS dataset by entering the following command into your terminal:
The two preceding phases are the most significant, therefore let us move on to the simpler sections.
Here's how to perform data manipulation in Go.
To begin, the df.head() procedure is the most basic subsetting operation in Python. You may also use Go to perform the same job.
The first two rows of the DataFrame are displayed here.
After doing so, the first two rows of the DataFrame will be sss.
Although this is similar to Python, it is not as technical as the latter. However, if you are unfamiliar with Go's many data types, you may struggle with this function.
For example, if you wish to examine only the major genetic algorithm item of the Iris-versicolor species, begin by filtering the rows using the following.
This method will only return rows containing the Iris-versicolor species!
Finally, the syntax of Go and Python differs just slightly. When you consider Go's very simple operations, this modification isn't a major problem. However, the amount of words per program is higher in Perl than in Python.
Can Golang Be Used for Machine Learning?
Data scientists and AI pioneers have created a range of models to harness the potential of Machine Learning algorithms in data science. Developers have utilized these models to create software libraries that you may use to build a Machine Learning solution. Machine learning libraries are accessible in Go, just as they are in Python and Java. The Go machine learning library, on the other hand, is easier to learn and use than Python. It also has several advantages over Java, such as ease of use, efficiency, and concurrency, which make it preferable in some circumstances. To summarize, golang machine learning programs may be used to build scalable and sophisticated data science and machine learning systems. To answer the question, sure, golang can be used by machine learning developers as well as other tasks such as stack overflow developer surveys.
Furthermore, golang machine learning includes a variety of tools that aid data scientists and programmers in making the development process easier and more efficient. These tools include:
Gofmt: It automatically formats your Go code, greatly improving readability.
Gorun: This tool is used to add a 'bang line' to source code in order to run it, or to explicitly execute a code file that is comparable to it. When experimenting with Python code, Go developers typically utilize it.
Goget: The Goget utility downloads GitHub libraries and saves them to your GoPath for easy integration into your app project.
Godoc: a tool for parsing Go source code, including comments, and generating HTML or plain text documentation. The generated documentation is intimately related to the codes it covers and maybe explored with a single click.
Can I Use Golang for Data Science?
However, the field of data science is not restricted to these languages.
Other open-source programming languages are gradually but steadily climbing the list of the top open-source programming languages. The Go programming language is one such language that is swiftly becoming a developer's data frame structure choice.
To summarize, the Go programming language or Go syntax is an excellent language for developing a Machine Learning pipeline; among its many advantages is its intuitiveness. On the disadvantage, Golang's machine language is smaller than Python's.
This makes troubleshooting difficult, and automated distinction may be annoying. Furthermore, many of Go's packages lack GPU support, slowing down the AI development process.
Not only that but there is a little interchange with various sorts of machine language-related software. For example, the GoLearn pack includes its own Dataframe "Instance" class, which may or may not be compatible with GoTA's DataFrame object or even GoNum's class. Another example is the programming language created by the machine learning library.