At the very beginning of a project, it is important to understand what difficulties you have to overcome. Speaking of difficulties, first of all, we are talking about a technical stack that will help to achieve the designated business goals and expectations from the product.

The technology stack includes all the technologies that should be used during the work on the project: programming languages, frameworks, databases, and much more. Let's consider the main technologies that will help to implement any project.

Stages of project development

It all starts with building project goals. They can be known from the very beginning, and serve as a basis, or they can be built during the brainstorms.

The main stages of any project include:

  • definition of tasks and goals
  • development of detailed technical specifications
  • MVP creation
  • creation of a design layout
  • presentation of the layout
  • filling the content part
  • carrying out all types of product testing
  • final release of the product.

Technologies used in web development

When choosing a stack, you can either rely on your own development team, which can significantly limit you, or choose specific references by presenting them to a team of professionals. In the second case, the development team will be staffed according to your goals and requests, which will increase the final results of the work.

The technical stack is selected for the backend (software and hardware) and the frontend (client side of the user interface) separately.


It all starts with determining in which language the project will be written. Despite the fact that almost all programming languages ​​strive to provide a specific list of features, there is a fairly large difference between them.


Due to the versatility of the virtual machine, which can translate code when compiled on different devices, Java is highly valued among developers. Another plus is a powerful community, with which the elimination of errors in the code and the search for solutions are fast. Java can be used to write applications and sites, as well as APIs to work with databases and solve various network problems. 


The laconic yet highly efficient language has gained popularity among developers looking for quick fixes. Thanks to the clear structure, Python projects are easily scalable and speed up the process of new developers entering the project. As a dynamic open source language, Python is used for cross-platform scripting, rapid automation, and development in Data Science and Machine Learning.


If you want to get your project up and running as quickly as possible, then PHP is what you need. Its simplicity and quick fixes for errors make it a great choice for web applications and dynamic content on pages. Using PHP allows you to reduce not only the project implementation time, but also the cost of it, without losing the quality of the product.

Node. js

Node. JS is a platform that helps the logging of the server code for dynamic web pages and web applications. Great for web services that handle a huge amount of information that users are exchanged.

Golang (or Go)

Go is a multithreaded language developed by Google. Its syntax is concise and straightforward, although it is written on the basis of C. Go does an excellent job of developing software for distributed systems, creating network tools and software for working with large amounts of information. One of the disadvantages of the language is the lack of preprocessing and a small amount of documentation.


JavaScript is a unique language in its own way that can be used both in the front-end and in the back-end. Ready-made JS solutions and various frameworks help in this. It also saves a lot of time because you can write code right in the browser. You can write front-end and back-end parts of websites for both mobile and desktop applications, the main thing is to take into account all the features of browser versions on different devices.

Frameworks used in development

There are two types of frameworks, one used in the backend and frontend. Let's consider the most popular ones.

Backend frameworks


A Python framework that is fully featured. Thanks to Django, development is significantly accelerated, the design looks attractive and has high usability.


A PHP framework that greatly simplifies the development process. The application turns out to be highly functional and has high performance. We at TopDevs actively use this framework, because it allows you to get most of the functions out of the box.


A Java framework that provides end-to-end solutions for cutting edge applications. A framework consists of a container that allows you to manage components. Deploys perfectly on any platform.

Frontend frameworks


A JavaScript framework that is suitable for developing different types of interfaces, including presentation composite components and reactive applications. The framework helps to set up routing and trace rendering.


JavaScript framework that is used for the user interface. It is dynamic, flexible and declarative, which allows you not to limit yourself in the complexity of the interface.


Best framework for SPA development. It has an impressive ecosystem that uses Marionette and Mustache to build complete client applications.


A framework for building dynamic web applications. It is highly extensible and easy to integrate with other libraries.

Popular databases to use

Databases can contain a wide variety of amounts of data. Different databases can be selected depending on the needs and programming language.


A classic example of a database that focuses on storing documents.


Best choice for websites, DB works well with all popular platforms and cloud services.


Fast and reliable database that allows you to easily extend functionality. Oracle is suitable for building a model of user needs.


One of the most popular and frequently used databases that work with a simple data structure and can handle complex queries. Great for IT, fintech and e-commerce.

The example of technical stack for a real project

The Beauty streaming service is a digital ecosystem. It connects beauty masters with their clients and those who want to learn from the industry experts. This app was created for iOS, Android and Web, connecting simultaneously education, e-learning, media and entertainment spheres.

Tech Stack of the project:

  • Java
  • Swift
  • Vue.JS
  • PHP
  • WebRTC
  • CommerceGate

So, Java, Swift and PHP made the whole backend for all mentioned platforms. Vue.JS

framework presented the user interface with attractive UI/UX. WebRTC was chosen as a tool that helps to provide video streaming. As for CommerceGate, this technology provides payments with a high security level.


The technical stack is the key to the success of the project. It is the stack in the hands of professionals that will decide the budgets of the project and the timing of its implementation. Before starting development, you must clearly understand your goals and expectations for the finished product.

Study the market and competitors, communicate with potential consumers and do not forget that all ingenious is simple, and this also applies to development. Also, remember that if one set of technologies worked for one project, it doesn't have to work for another. Don't forget to research trends such as voice search and artificial intelligence, which are gaining popularity.

The best idea would be to contact the professional development team. Check the portfolio, collect references, and get started with the brief!

Angelica Lomako
Angelica has 3+ years of experience in technical writing. Have solid knowledge of technology preferences used nowadays in IT companies. Have a strong background in copywriting and SEO. Passionate in learning new technologies and IT trends.

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